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IMC - India meets Classic presents... "G.N.B. – Prince of Carnatic Music (musical biography)" (part 4/4, long version)


Published March 17, 2013


( Teil 1 | Teil 2 | Teil 3 | Teil 4 )

Raga CDs des Monats: “Der Prinz der südindischen Klassik”
- eine musikalische Biographie von G.N. Balasubramaniam (1910-1965).

In Gudalur (Niligiris District / Tamil Nadu), in der Nähe von Mayiladuthurai (ehem. Mayavaram), erblickte G.N. Balasubramaniam das Licht der Welt. Das Kalenderblatt schrieb den 6. Januar 1910. GN Balasubramaniam, oder einfach nur GNB, wie er in Indien genannt wird, war ein Sänger der südindischen Klassik… und der erste Showstar. In die Musikgeschichte von Indien ging GNB ein als der “Prinz der karnatischen Musik”.

Dieser Ausnahmekünstler verstarb allzu früh, bereits im Alter von nur 55 Jahren, am 1. Mai 1965. Unsere heutige 2-stündige Sendung wollen wir ganz G.N. Balasubramaniam widmen, mit sehr seltenen, zum Teil nicht veröffentlichten Aufnahmen.

GNB schloss in Chennai sein Studium der englischen Literatur mit einem B.A. ab. Zu dieser Zeit belegte er neben seinem Studium an der Annamalai- Universität einige Musikkurse. Aus gesundheitlichen Gründen führte GNB diese musikalische Bildung nicht fort Später belegte er Meisterkurse an der Madras-Universität. Erst mit 18, im Jahre 1928 betrat GNB die Bühne. Seitdem war sein Aufstieg innerhalb der Musikszene der südindischen Klassik kometenhaft. GNB gehörte zu den progressivsten Interpreten seiner Zeit.

Sendetermine…

17. März 2013 – 15:00-17:00 Uhr CET (10:00 am EST) @ radio multicult.fm (DE)
18. März 2013 – 22:00-24:00 Uhr CET (05:00 am EST) @ TIDE Radio (DE)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

GNB’s unorthodoxe Neugestaltung einer Aufführungspraxis der karnatischen Musik mit Elementen aus der nordindischen Klassik erklären wesentlich den kometenhaften Aufstieg von GNB… und daraus folgend seine Beliebtheit beim südindischen Publikum. – Und GNB’s Klarheit und Transparenz in Komposition und Interpretationsstil sicherte ihm als Lehrmeister den Zulauf einer Vielzahl von musikalischen Talenten. Viele von ihnen reiften in ihrer weiteren Musikerkarriere zu den großen Meistern der indischen Klassik heran. Dazu gehören Sänger wie Trichur V. Ramachandran (geb. 1940) aus Kerala oder die Sängerin Madras Lalitangi Vasanthakumari (1928-1990). MLV gehörte zu dem s.g. weiblichen Dreigestirn der südindischen Klassik (Trinity of Carnatic Music), neben DK Pattammal und MS Subbulakshmi.

Die Spezialität von GNB war es, innerhalb der kompositorischen Struktur mit ergänzenden Noten besondere Phrasierungsakzente zu setzen, um die Schönheit der kompositorischen Form zu betonen. Dieses stilistische Element ist als Chittaswaram benannt. Es hat seinen festen Platz zum Ende von Anupallavi oder Charanam, dem 2ten oder 3ten Vers. Dazu ein Übersetzungs- beispiel in Englischer Sprache der Thyagaraja-Komposition Raga Sudha Rasa:

Pallavi: raga sudha rasa panamu jesi rañjillave o manasa
The nectar like juice of melody sip. O my mind and joy therein, why don’t you find?

Anupallavi: yaga yoga tyaga bhoga phalamosan ge (raga)
Rites, Meditations, austerity and pleasure. In such music, do their fruits come together.

Charanam: sadasiva mayamagu nadon kara swara vidulu jivanmuktulani tyagaraju teliyu (raga)

That in which Sadashiva (= always pleasing) pervades unbound. The notes from Om the primordial sound. They that are versed in them, the art profound. To the cycle of life and death are no longer bound. This is a verity, this bard has found.

(Quelle: lyrical-thyagaraja.blogspot.de)

Diese Versformen Pallavi, Anupallavi und Charanam bilden die Struktur von Kompositionsformen wie den Keerthanam-s und Kriti-s. G.N.B. belebte das musikalische Repertoire der drei großen Komponisten der südindischen Klassik (trinity of carnatic music) wieder, besonders die von Tyagaraja (Kakaarla Tyagabrahmam, 04.05.1767-06.01.1847) und Muthuswami Dikshitar (24.03.1775-21.10.1835).

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( part 1 | part 2 | part 3 | part 4 )

Raga CDs of the Month: “The Prince of South Indian classical music”
- a musical biography of G.N. Balasubramaniam (1910-1965).

In Gudalur (Niligiris District / Tamil Nadu), near Mayiladuthurai (formerly Mayavaram), GN Balasubramaniam was born on 6th January 1910. G.N. Balasubramaniam or just GNB, as he is called in India, was a singer of South Indian classics… and he was the first show star. In the history of Indian music GNB is remembered as the “Prince of Carnatic music“.

This exceptional artist died too early, at the age of only 55 years, on 1 May 1965. Today promotion initiative IMC – India meets Classic devote with a 2 hours radio program to GN Balasubramaniam with some very rare, not yet published recordings.

GNB completed in Chennai with a degree (B.A.) in English literature. Beside his studies at that time he took some music courses at the Annamalai University. For health reasons GNB discontinued this musical education. Later he attended master classes at the University of Madras. At 18 (in 1928) GNB entered the stage. Since his rise in the music scene of Carnatic music had been meteoric. GNB was one of the most progressive artists of his time.

dates of broadcasting…

17th March 2013 – 10:00 am – 12:00 pm EST (03:00-05:00 pm CET) @ radio multicult.fm (DE)
18th March 2013 – 05:00-07:00 pm EST (10:00 pm-12:00 am CET) @ TIDE Radio (DE)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast
(source: www.sangeethapriya.org)

(source: http://www.sangeethapriya.org)

GNB redesigned in an unorthodox manner the performance practice of Carnatic music with elements of North Indian Classics (Hindustani) which eplains his meteoric rise… and consequently his popularity within the South Indian audience. – And GNB’s clarity and transparency in the composition and performance style secured him as a teacher (guru) to guide a variety of musical talents. Many of them mature in their subsequent musical career up to extra ordinary masters of Indian classical music. E.g. Trichur V. Ramachandran (born 1940) from Kerala or the female singer Madras Lalitangi Vasanthakumari (1928-1990). MLV was one of the “female Trinity of Carnatic Music” alongside DK Pattammal and MS Subbulakshmi.

The specialty of GNB was set within the compositional structure with giving specific phrasing accents by additional notes to emphasize the beauty of the compositional form. This stylistic element is named as ‘Chittaswaram‘. It has its place at the end of Anupallavi or Charanam, the 2nd or 3rd verse. As an example here a translation for the Thyagaraja composition ‘Raga Sudha Rasa’:

Pallavi: raga sudha rasa panamu jesi rañjillave o manasa
The nectar like juice of melody sip. O my mind and joy therein, why don’t you find?

Anupallavi: yaga yoga tyaga bhoga phalamosan ge (raga)
Rites, Meditations, austerity and pleasure. In such music, do their fruits come together.

Charanam: sadasiva mayamagu nadon kara swara vidulu jivanmuktulani tyagaraju teliyu (raga)
That in which Sadashiva (= always pleasing) pervades unbound. The notes from Om the primordial sound. They that are versed in them, the art profound. To the cycle of life and death are no longer bound. This is a verity, this bard has found.

(Source: lyrical-thyagaraja.blogspot.de)

The verse forms Pallavi, Anupallavi and Charanam build the structure of compositional forms such as Keerthanam-s and Kriti-s. GNB revived the musical repertoire of the three great composers of the South Indian classical music (‘Trinity of Carnatic Music’), especially those of Tyagaraja (Kakaarla Tyagabrahmam, 05/04/1767-01/06/1847) and Muthuswami Dikshitar (03/24/1775-10/21/1835).
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Source IMC OnAir - IMCRadio.Net
Run time 116 min. (part 1-4)

Notes

All IMC broadcasting shows present original recordings, produced in India and published / distributed from Indian Music Labels. The frame work of Indian Classical Music is set by Raga forms. Raags describe the emotional expression and define the material of notes.

... complete programme with all details (inclusive podcasting) see www.imcradio.net (German/English language site).

India meets Classic presents "G.N.B. – Prince of Carnatic Music (musical biography)" (part 4 of 4)

( part 1 | part 2 | part 3 | part 4 )

Website (DE/ENG): IMC OnAir - IMCRadio.Net
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